Barrier Methods

How It Works

Birth control that stops fertilization from happening includes barrier methods such as the sponge, diaphragm, cervical caps and shields, and male and female condoms. With these, the egg and sperm ideally never meet, and fertilization never occurs so there can be no pregnancy.

YES

Cost

99%

Effectiveness

YES

Side Effects

Possible Side Effects of Barrier Methods:

Sponge/Diaphragm/Cervical Cap

*Vaginal irritation or dryness 

*Urinary tract infecton

*Increased risk of STIs 

*Toxi shock syndrome (where bacteria build up in the vagina and release poisions into the bloodstream) 

Male Condoms

* Allergic reaction due to latex sensitivity or allergy

References

* https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/condoms/about/pac-20385063

** mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/contraceptive-sponge/about/pac-20384547

**https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/diaphragm/about/pac-20393781

**https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cervical-cap/about/pac-20393416